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Art and Culture of Krasnodar Region

Today, among the most important indicators of socio-economic development of Krasnodar region, a kind of barometer of the public welfare, of course, is the state of culture. The higher the level, so in a civilized world we live. This sets the modern development of a culture of vectors such bright, distinctive region as the Kuban.

Krasnodar region on the right is recognized as one of the largest cultural centers in Russia.

In the province to preserve and develop all the multi-network - it is libraries, cultural and recreational facilities and parks, museums, theaters, concert organizations, movie theaters and cinema, educational institutions, arts and culture.

Last year the province is carried out about four holidays, festivals and forums. Remember kubantsam cultural events «Moscow Arts Theater in Kuban», Festival «Kuban Musical Spring», «Golden apple», «Kinotavr», «Kinoshok», «Singing Russia», festival of Slavic culture, «Kubanskie space», «Southern Star Kubany», «Kuban kazachok», «Sineokaya Anapa» ...

A significant event of the cultural life of the year has become the celebration dedicated to the 2600th — Anniversary of Tmutarakan — Taman.

A usual presentation of Kuban Choir, Theater Ballet, Yuri Grigorovich, Krasnodar Philharmonic performers at the best scenes in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Repeatedly exhibition of artists Kuban held in Moscow. The second year the International Day of Museums held in Kuban Kuban Museum Festival and the Pan-action «The Night of Museums», which has more than sixty thousand residents and visitors.

Triumph Russia became the capital of the election of Sochi Winter Olympic Games in 2014 and this was preceded by a great job, in which the active participation of the best representatives of Kubanskaya culture.

The governor of the region — A.N. Tkachev has strategically determined the culture as a tool of social and economic development.

The laws and the regional complex programs, which have been adopted in the region, concerning the different sides of spiritual improvement of the population, provided not only preservation of the accumulated cultural potential of Kuban, but also its significant augmentation.

The regional task program "Culture of Kuban (2009-2011)" has been developed and is being successfully implemented. Its sections eloquently speak for themselves: development of art of Kuban and stimulation of activity of the creative organizations and unions, development of national creativity and organization of leisure of the population, preservation of the historical and cultural heritage and aesthetic education of children and young people. A lot of attention in the Program is paid to the personnel and information supply for the activity of establishments of culture, art, and cinematography, technical and technological equipment of the state organizations of culture, commemoration of memorable dates, and development of cinematography.

The best creative collectives of regional theatres, concert organizations in the context of the cultural program "The Governor and the Legislative Assembly of the Krasnodar Region — for the Children of Kuban" travel with concerts to the cities and provinces of the Krasnodar Region.

In 2007 there was adopted a regional task program for support of the rural club establishments of the Krasnodar Region for 2007-2009, aimed at preservation and development of the centers of culture in the remote rural areas.

In 2006, the law "About the Support of Cinematography of the Krasnodar Region" has been adopted which determined the basic directions of activity of the bodies of state and municipal authority of the region in the sphere of cinematography. The law is supposed to protect the municipal cinemas against reshaping and termination, to create a legal basis of functioning of the film-sector.

The law of the Krasnodar Region "About a State Policy in the Sphere of Preservation and Development of Traditional National Culture in the Krasnodar Region", adopted in 2007, recognizing the fundamental role of the traditional national culture in development and humanization of society, preservation of national originality, has determined the state policy's priorities, the forms of stimulation and support of creative activity in the field of traditional national culture.

The state policy in the field of culture is carried out in the region in accordance with the principles established by the Ministry of Culture and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation.

Integration of the Kuban culture into the global culture is also shown in the applications for federal financing of some objects under the program "Culture of Russia 2006-2012".

The zone of direct responsibility of the region's department of culture is comprised of 3.5 thousand establishments, enterprises, and organizations, providing a citizen his/her constitutional right of accessing the cultural values.

The theatres of the region annually carry out from 30 to 35 new performances. The posters of theatres have over 130 names the most part of which is addressed to children and teenagers. Basically, these are the pieces of Russian and foreign classics. The geography of tours across the country and outside of it is being extended.

The artists of Kuban conduct a constant exhibition activity in region and outside of its bounds. The high state awards acknowledge their activity. Creations of the region's artists decorate expositions of the state and municipal museums, art galleries of Russia and Kuban, and are kept in private collections here in our country and abroad. More than 50 authors bear honorary titles of Russia and Kuban, awarded with youth premiums and premiums of the Krasnodar Region’s Administration in the field of culture and art, premiums and certificates of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation and the Union of Artists of the Russian Federation, diplomas and medals of the Russian Academy of Arts. Once in two years the Department of Culture and the regional organization of the Union of Artists organize the "BIENNIALE" — a regional contest of the works of art.

Museums edges have unique collections, which have participated in national and international exhibition projects: «Gold amazons» (France, Toulouse), «Arnold Schoenberg and Wassily Kandinsky. The dialogue of painting and music »,« The sound and image. Music in Russian art XI-XX centuries »(Moscow),« V. Kandinsky. Of the funds of Russian museums »(Japan, Tokyo),« Natalia Goncharova. Years in Russia »(St. Petersburg),« Malevich and cinema »(Portugal, Lisbon),« Chervovaya lady of Russian avant-garde »(Moscow). Each year, state and municipal museums edges visited by 2 million people.

Significant niche in the recreational activity is the population of the province of institutions and cultural - leisure-type system of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.

In terms of the number of cultural and recreational institutions and amateur groups, including children, according to the number of clubs and groups and the number of participants in the region is in Russia's top ten. They are the centers of mass, public recreational activities, allowing the public to realize their interests and hobbies, creative talents.

In libraries the edge of more than 23 million copies of books. Readership consists of nearly two million people. This is about 34% of the population of the province. For the year to read 36 million books.

In the Krasnodar Region there are 6 educational institutions of secondary vocational training, which are engaged in preparation of experts of the sector. They are the establishments of various kinds such as the musical schools and a college, art and choreographic schools, the school of arts and a college of culture. Last year 3 educational institutions of municipal jurisdiction have become a state property of the Krasnodar Region.

The Krasnodar Region’s Administration has instituted the prizes for the workers of art: to be awarded annually, five premiums of the Krasnodar Region’s Administration in the field of science, education and culture; a premium of the Krasnodar Region’s Administration in the field of theatrical art named after M.A. Kulikovsky — a national artist of the USSR; for an active work in patriotic education — a premium named after E.F. Stepanova; a premium of the Krasnodar Region’s Administration in the field of vocal and choral art named after G.M. Plotnichenko; a premium of the Krasnodar Region’s Administration in the field of vocal and choral art named after G.F.Ponomarenko — a national artist of the USSR.

Ten writers are supported by the monthly governor's grants.

For the purpose of social support and encouragement of the gifted pupils and students of educational institutions of culture and art 50 grants have been instituted by the Krasnodar Region’s Administration. From this year on the grant size has been increased up to 1,000 rubles a month.

Pupils and students of educational institutions of culture and art of the region are grant-aided students of the Federal Agency of Culture and cinematography of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.

One of forms of the state support of the gifted children and youth of the region became establishment of thirteen grants for the gifted children and creative youth by the Department of Culture.

Culture establishments and arts of Krasnodar area

The Krasnodar regional universal scientific library named after A.S. Pushkin is established on February 10, 1900 in honor of the 100th anniversary from the date of the poet's birth. Today it is the largest vault of the national and foreign literature at the territory of Kuban, the center of information, education and culture, bibliography of the local history and a methodical center for libraries of the region.

The book funds of the library total 1 mln 200 thousand units of issue and include books, magazines, newspapers, notes, phonograph records, laser-optical discs, and videocassettes.

Annually over 45,000 readers attend the library, and receive over 1.5 mln editions.

A collection of rare books numbers over 10 thousand volumes, including the unique collection of books in Cyrillic font of the 16th century, the books from the Merezhkovsky, Donskoy monasteries, the lifetime editions of the Russian writers' creations, more than 50 thousand volumes — a national property not only of Kuban, but Russia as a whole. Its pre-revolutionary collection is the unique one.

The Krasnodar state history and archeology culture preserve named after E.D. Felitsyn is one of the leading museum establishments of the local history structure of Russia. The main museum is created in 1879, and the culture preserve is established in 1977. By the decree of the President of the Russian Federation it has been referred to the objects of federal (all-Russian) value.

The structure of the culture preserve is comprised of the main museum of local history in Krasnodar, the Timashevsk's museum of the Stepanovy family, the Anapa's archeological museum, the Temryuk's museum of history and archeology, and the museum complex of Taman.

The museum is a methodical center for museums of the North-Caucasian region, the coordinator of work of the Southern affiliate of the Scientific Council of historical museums and those of regional studies at the Ministry of Culture and mass communications of the Russian Federation.

The funds of the culture preserve keep more than 350 thousand original exhibits, including the unique collections of ancient arts and crafts, archeology, and materials about nature, history, and ethnography of Kuban.

The fund exhibitions of the museum have been successfully exhibited in Moscow, St.Petersburg, regions of Russia, as well as in Germany, France, Colombia, Yugoslavia, Switzerland, and Japan. A significant event in the cultural life became an exhibition "Gold of Amazons" held in France and Russia, which was arranged in cooperation with the Rostov Region's museums.

In 2007 the Kuban Cossack Army's regalia which exhibition in a museum became a major landmark on the way of restoration of historical justice, and revival of the Cossack traditions, have been returned to the native land.

Every year the culture preserve is attended by more than 500 thousand inhabitants and visitors of Kuban, exhibitions, regional reviews, and competitions are being actively held.

The culture preserve possesses the staff of the top skills, among which: doctors and candidates of sciences, developers and participants of the international, Russian and regional projects and programs. Every year the scientific conferences, traditional "Readings of Felitsyn", "Readings of Stepanov" are held, books, collections of articles and messages are published.

The museum became an initiator of cooperation with clubs of historical reconstruction, and other public youth associations. Since 2007, a festival has been held in region by the club of historical reconstruction "Chernomorskoye Porubezhye".

The Krasnodar’s culture preserve of history and archeology named after E.D. Felitsyn makes use of experience of the State Historical Museum, the Russian Ethnographic Museum and the Northern Caucasus' museums.

The Krasnodar Regional Art Museum was founded by Fyodor Akimovichem Kovalenko in 1904 — a Yekterinodar's art amateur, is presently one of leading museums of art of the south of Russia.

The museum collection, numbering more than 11 thousand units of issue, there are unique collections the old Russian icon painting, domestic art of the 18th-20th centuries, foreign art of the 17th-19th centuries, Japanese xylography, and creations of the Kuban artists.

At the end of the 20th century, the museum funds have been supplemented by personal collections of academician L.F. Ilichev, an honorary artist of Russia A.E. Glukhovtsev, A.I. Slutsky, having become an integral part of the historical and cultural heritage of Kuban.

In terms of the structure of art collection, the museum is included into a list of the best provincial museum establishments of the country. The museum is actively engaged in the international, Russian and regional projects: ("The Golden Map of Russia", "The Hermitage to the South of Russia", "The Great Utopia", "Moscow-Berlin", "The Amazons of Avant Guarde", "A Dialogue of Painting and Music", "Malevich and Cinematograph", "Warsaw — Moscow". "Moscow — Warsaw". 1900 — 2000", "V.V. Kandinsky", "Russia and Avant Guarde", "Hello, Homeland!", "Boris Kustodiev", "The Young Palette", etc.

The creations from the museum's funds have been successfully exhibited in Italy, France, Germany, the USA, Australia, Portugal, Japan, Poland, China and other countries of the world.

The museum has officially opened an information and education centre of "The Russian Museum: a Virtual Affiliate", having a huge value for popularization of the national art, historical and cultural heritage among the young people.

The constant attention is paid by the museum to the educational and charitable activities, implementing a long-term partner project for orphanages — "A Mosaic of Kindness", serving the cities and provinces of Kuban with mobile exhibitions and multimedia programs.

The museum has acted as the initiator to carry out an all-European cultural action in the region that of the "Night of Museums", which became a new traditional spring holiday of youth.

The Krasnodar Regional Showroom of the Fine Arts was established in 1989. The first exhibition took place in 1990. The hall is a basic exhibition platform of the Southern Federal District. Over the years of functioning it has become one of most frequently visited establishments of culture, a center of popularization of the modern fine arts, creations of the artists of Russia and Kuban, a traditional place of carrying out the regional art exhibitions of the "South of Russia". Peace for the Caucasus", regional professional competitions in the field of the fine arts of "BIENNIALE".

The Historical Culture Preserve of Novorossiysk — one of the largest culture preserves of a military-historical structure of Russia, comprised, in addition to the basic expositions, of the objects of the Great Patriotic War period of 1941-1945, a monument-ensemble "Malaya Zemlia (The Small Land)", the house-museum of N.A. Ostrovsky, and an exhibition hall.

The main museum was founded in 1916. The state historical culture preserve of Novorossiysk has been created in 1987. In 1995, the museum has been referred to the objects historical and a cultural heritage of the federal (all-Russian) value.

The funds of the culture preserve store more than 150 thousand original objects, relics of the wartime, monuments of history and nature, and ethnographic materials.

Annually the culture preserve's objects are attended by some 200 thousand inhabitants and visitors of the region. The exhibition and educational activity of the museum plays an important role in the military-patriotic and moral education of the Kuban's youth.

For creation of the stationary exhibitions "Old Novorossiysk" and "Nature of the Novorossiysk Area", the group of employees of the culture preserve has been awarded premiums of the Krasnodar Region’s Administration in the field of science, education and culture.

The museum actively conducts the research work regarding the period of Great Patriotic War, organizes the theoretical and practical conferences, carries out publications in the Russian and regional editions concerning the problems of military history and museum collections, actively participating in both the regional and city events and festivals.

The Krasnodar State Academic Drama Theatre was established in January of 1920 as "the first Soviet Drama Theatre named after Lunacharsky". Originally it was housed in a building of the Zimny Theatre (nowadays, the Krasnodar Philharmonic Society), since 1973 — in a new building with a big and the chamber halls on the square of the Great October Revolution. In 1980, the theatre was awarded an Order of the Labor Red Banner. In 1996 to theatre was bestowed upon an "academic" title.

The repertoire of the Krasnodar theatre of ballet of Jury Grigorovich is comprised of 14 performances of the Russian and global musical classics. The theatre participated in the festivals of arts of Europe, America, and the countries of Asia. It has performed four times with a great success on the St. Petersburg's stage of Mariinsky Theatre.

The first mention of the Krasnodar regional puppet theatre dates back to April 1939. In the spirit of those days, it was called "The Krasnodar's Travelling Kolkhoz and Sovkhoz Puppet Theater". S. Marshak was one of the initiators of the first Kuban's theatre for children.

Among the concert organizations of the region, a special place belongs to the State Academic Kuban Cossack Chorus that has been conducted for more than three decades by a national artist of Russia and Ukraine, the winner of the State premium of Russia, the Hero of Labor in Kuban V.G. Zakharchenko. An outstanding creative collective of the country, springing from the Kuban Army Singing Chorus, the State Academic Kuban Cossack Chorus has a famous, original history marked by the high artistic achievements. The collective became the winner of the All-Russian competitions of the state national choruses, the winner of numerous international competitions and festivals, awarded an Order of the People's Friendship twice, is honored with the State Premium named after T.G. Shevchenko, the Republic of Ukraine. Spectators of more than 100 countries of the world cordially received it. It deservingly bears a banner of the original Cossack Art of Kuban.

A creative association "Premiere" successfully operates in the region, which, in 2007, was named after its founder — a national artist of Russia, a winner of the state theatrical premium named after F. Volkov, the Hero of Labor in Kuban L.G.Gatov. The structure of the creative association is comprised of the Musical Theatre and the Ballet Theatre of Jury Grigorovich, the Youth Theatre and the New Puppet Theatre, the Musical Show-Theatre of "Premiere", symphonic, jazz, and brass bands, the "Premiere-Orchestra" of stringed instruments, ensembles "Krinitsa" and "Rodnik", a children's theatre of singing and other creative collectives. Creative collectives of TO "Premiere" perform abroad much; they successfully represent the Russian art at prestigious festivals in Germany and Japan. The artists performed in France, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Lebanon, Turkey, the USA, and Great Britain.

The Krasnodar Philharmonic Society was created on May 10, 1939.

Such renowned masters of the arts, as Lyudmila Zykina, Joseph Kobzon, Boris Shtokolov, Zurab Sotkilava, Nikolay Petrov, Anna Netrebko, and Valery Gergiev performed on the stage of the Krasnodar Philharmonic Society.

Today the Krasnodar Philharmonic Society is one of the major concert organizations in the south of Russia, possessing a vast creative potential, and enriched with achievements of a modern concert practice, continues the best traditions of the Russian philharmonic business. In 2007, by the order of the governor of the region — A.N.Tkachev, the Krasnodar Philharmonic Society was named after an outstanding Russian composer, a national artist of the USSR — G.F.Ponomarenko, whose life and career have been connected with Kuban for more than a quarter of a century. In 2009, the Krasnodar Philharmonic Society celebrates its 70th anniversary.

The more detailed and updated information is available at the official website of the Krasnodar Region's Department of Culture — "The Culture of Kuban" at the address of: kultura.kubangov.ru